Oregano is one of the world’s most widely grown perennial herbs, with creeping roots and woody stems, edged with opposite, petiolate, and hairy leaves (1.5 cm long). The flowers are pale purple in color during the flowering season, which runs from the end of June to the beginning of August. Plants like this one produce an aroma and color from the small glands found in the foliage containing volatile oil.
Oregano is endemic to the Mediterranean region but is cultivated in Mexico, Italy, Turkey, Dominican Republic, and Greece. It is found in the temperate Himalayas from Kashmir to Sikkim in India. It is a hardy plant and can be grown in all warm garden soils. The plant prefers mild to sub-tropical climates and grows in light, well-drained soil in a sunny position.
Foreign Name of Oregano
Arabic : Anrar
Czech : Oregano
French : Origan
German : Oregano
Greek : Origanon
Italian : Origano
Spanish : Oregano
Thai : Origano
- There are many ways in which oregano can be used in food, such as meat, sausages, salads, dressings, stews, and soups.
- Oil and oleoresin of oregano are used as ingredients in food and beverages marketed to the food industry.
- Several foods and beverages contain oregano oil, including alcoholic drinks and baked goods.
- Among its many properties, oregano oil is known to be diuretic, carminative, diaphoretic, and stomachic.
- Besides being used for the treatment of wounds, it can also be applied externally to aid healing.